Full moon of the eighth lunar month (usually in July or early August) and this year is August 2, 2012. The day before Wan Khao Pansa is known as Asarnha Puja or Wan Asana Bucha in Thai. This commemorates the Buddha’s first sermon in the Deer Park at Benares (Varanasi) in India. In this sermon, known as Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion, the Buddha first spelled out the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. This day is also regarded as the founding day of the Buddhist sangha (monkhood).
Many Thai people will return to their ancestral homes to worship in their local temple and to bring offerings for the monks. In the evening they will often perform a Wian Tian, where they walk clockwise around the main shrine of the temple carrying a candle, three incense sticks and a lotus bed. During the day, monks chant mantras or repeat the first sermon of the Buddha.
We join the Parade of Buddhist Lent Festival. The celebrants make giant candles and parade them through the streets along with floats depicting scenes from Buddhist and Hindu mythology. The floats are made of wood or plaster, but are coated with wax so that they fit with the candle motif. Dragon Dances along this day are really striking, 36 pictures!!!