Saturday, January 21, 2012

Gung Hee Fat Choy!!!

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Gung Hee Fat Choy means Happy Chinese New Year!!! The year of the Dragon. The first day of the 2012 Chinese New Year is on January 23, 2012 in China's time zone. This day is a new moon day, and is the first day of the first Chinese lunar month in the Chinese Lunar Calendar system. The exact new moon time is at 15:40 on 23-Jan-12 in China's time zone.
The Year 2012 is the 4709th Chinese year. The Chinese believe that the first king of China was the Yellow King (he was not the first emperor of China). The Yellow King became king in 2697 B.C., therefore China will enter the 4709th year on January 23, 2012. Also, the Chinese Year uses the cycle of 60 Stem-Branch counting systems and the Black Water Dragon is the 28th Stem-Branch in the cycle. Since (60 *78) + 29 = 4709, therefore 2012 is the Water Dragon year, which is the 4709th Chinese Year.

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Chinese goodness Kuan Yim is ridding on a dragon. This paint I found on the wall of a Thian Fa Temple in China Town, Bangkok.
A dragon is a legendary creature. All legendary stories about Chinese dragons are from the sky, which means heaven in China. The image of dragon is blurred, misty, mystic, occulted, noble and untouchable. For China, it is the symbol of power from heaven. The Chinese emperor was considered the son of heaven. An emperor has the authority to send command to Dragons. One Chinese story mentioned an emperor killed a dragon in his dream. After 581 AD, Chinese emperors began to wear imperial robes with dragon symbols. During the Ching Dynasty (1644-1911 AD), the dragon can be seen everywhere on the roofs, doors, pillars, bridges, utensils in the forbidden city. The most powerful dragon is the five-clawed dragon. It appears only on the yellow imperial robe. Because of this, Dragon is one of most auspicious animals in China.

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This Chinese temple is located at China town, in Bangkok. It is said that Thian Fa Foundation was established in 1902 by the co-operation of the Chinese immigratns of five dialects.
It is the first foundation in Thailand, there is a Shrine of Kuan Yim, Phra Bodhisat walokitesuan in the attitude of giving blessings.
The believer of the Mahayana Buddhism pay respect to this Bodhisat besides the Lord Buddha. They believe that the Bodhisats have reached enlightenment but have not entered the land of the Buddhas because they want to help those who suffer first.
One of the most revered Bodhisats is Phra Awalokitesuan who is endowed with mercy. She is known among the chinese as Kuan Si Yim or Kuan Yim Phu Sak, meaning the Bodhisat who listens to the world.
This Kuan Yim statue is carved from teak wood in the Thang Dynasty art style. it is assumed to be made in the Song dynasty, approximately eight to nine hundred years ago. It was taken from China in 1958 to be stablished in the Thian Fa Foundation building as a reverd object for people.

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2012 is the year of Dragon. Some people say 2012 is a Black Dragon or Water Dragon year. This is because the Stem-Branch Calendar is connected to the Five Element theory. Chinese calendars used the Stem-Branch system to count the days, months and years. There are 10 Stems and 12 Branches in this system. Stems are named by the Yin-Yang and Five Elements (Metal, Water, Wood, Fire and Earth).

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Streets in China town adorned with thousands of Chinese red lamps.  The traffic on that day was very crowned and we couldn't catch any taxi on the way to go back home.  
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In the photo we can also see Sukhothai Trimitr Temple where is located the Golden Buddha.  If you want to see the photos of Golden Buddha please click here.

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